||Site is situated on an abandoned goldmine with a light slope (5˚ falling towards W) approx. 5km from the Kaw Mountain Camp. Young secondary rainforest. Diameter of trees ranges from 10-80 cm, with approx. 6-7 trees with a diameter >50cm per 1ha. Dense canopy of shrubs, almost no lianas and epiphytes (<5%). No big pieces of deadwood. Tree-canopy cover is 30-50% with larger open, grassy areas in between. Dominant in the understory is one species from the Rubiacea family (exact species name unknown). Surrounding area is covered by slightly used primary rainforest on mountainous relief. Litter layer was 1-3cm but no humus layer present. Soil-layer is very stony and rich in clay. Site has been clearcut about 5-10 years ago in order to use it as goldmine. In fact area hasn´t been used though for gold-mining.