||Old growth beech forest (Fagus sylvatica) with single oaks (Quercus robur). Fagus sylvatica, Quercus robur. Hilly topography. All samples (x,y) are taken from the same slope and inclination (NW, 20 degrees). Almost no understory vegetation due to the later sampling time in the year (no geophytes visible). 1. tree-layer Fagus sylvatica (95%), Quercus robur (3%), 2. tree layer: Fagus sylvatica (2%), 3. understory: 0%. Fagus sylvatica. Little disturbance, some pathways for walking, some stumps of logged old trees. All samples (x,y) are taken from the same slope and inclination (NW, 20 degrees).